3 – 4 Years

Language:

  • Listens responsively to books and stories
  • Carries out three simple related directions in order (e.g., take off shoes, hang up coat, and come sit with me)
  • Carries on a conversation for more than two turns on the same topic
  • Uses appropriate pitch and volume when speaking, most of the time
  • Speech is 90% understandable
  • Asks questions using is, what, where and why
  • Describes action in a picture
  • Tells the story when looking at a favorite picture book
  • Says a favorite rhyme
  • Sings parts and phrases of familiar songs
  • Experiments with a variety of writing tools and materials
  • Begins to copy some capital letters

Intellectual:

  • Finds the same item on two different pages of a picture book
  • Understands the concept of “same” and “different”
  • Identifies items based on category, when looking at a picture book (e.g., show me all the animals, food or toys.)
  • Identifies circle, triangle, and square
  • Names any 4 colors
  • Claps to the beat of familiar songs or speech patterns
  • Counts 3 items out loud
  • Stays with a task of his/her choosing, unsupervised, for 5 minutes (e.g., playing with playdough, drawing, building)

Social/Emotional:

  • Knows first and last name
  • Is attached to one or more significant adults
  • Waits while another child/adult takes a turn during a structured game/activity
  • Eats most foods neatly (e.g., little spilling, keeping food in mouth)
  • Brushes teeth and blows nose into tissue with some help
  • Dresses/undresses with out help except for zippers, buttons and tying
  • Shares toys/equipment with other children without being asked
  • Plays cooperatively with a group of 2 or more children
  • Responds comfortably to simple questions and verbal greetings
  • Names a friend
  • Asks for help (e.g., asks for a towel to clean up a spill)
  • Responds to peers who are in need, hurt, upset, or angry

 

Motor:

  • Catches a large, bounced ball
  • Balances on each leg for 5 or more minutes
  • Walks down stairs, alternating feet, without holding on to wall or rail
  • Marches in time to music
  • Jumps forward 2 feet (feet together)
  • Makes a bridge with 3 blocks
  • Builds a tower of more than 9 blocks, without help
  • Cuts along a six-inch straight line or curved line
  • Folds paper, making edges nearly even
  • Draws O and +
  • Draws a person with 2 to 4 body parts

Suggested Books:

  • Brown Bear, Brown Bear by E. Carle
  • Shapes, Shapes, Shapes by T. Hoban
  • I Went Walking by S. Williams & J. Vivas
  • Who Stole the Cookie by J. Moffatt
  • The Bag I’m Taking to Grandmas by S. Neitzel & N. Winslow Parker
  • A Nest Full of Eggs by P. Belz Jenkins & L. Rockwell
  • The Rainbow Fish by M. Pfister & J. A. James
  • I Was So Mad by M. Mayer
  • A Pair of Socks by S. Murphy & L. Ehrlert
  • Bearobics: A Hip-Hop Counting Story by V. Parker
  • Down By the Bay by Raffi
  • Amazing Grace by M. Hoffman & C. Binch